By interlocution of an Uramanavi Indian, I asked Chief Yoni if he had navigated by the Orinoco to its headwaters; he replied yes, and that he had gone to make war against the Guaharibo [Yanomami] Indians, who were not very brave Sustained contact with the outside world began in the s with the arrival of members of the New Tribes Mission  as well as Catholic missionaries from the Society of Jesus and Salesians of Don Bosco.
It plays a major role in many shamanistic traditions, and is an integral part of many of their cultures. The three subgenera of tobacco growing naturally or cultivated in South America are Nicotiana rusticaNicotiana tabacum, and Nicotiana petunioides.
Although most Nicotianas in South America are only native to the Andean and southern areas of the continent, it is cultivated or traded for by most native tribes in the Americas.
The method of use varies widely from culture to culture. It ranges from smudging using the smoke as an insecticide or for purificationto smoking, chewing, drinking the juice, enemas, and snuffs.
The reasons and mythologies surrounding its use differ even more. Some see tobacco only as a social drug, and use it for very little else than to feed their addiction.
What I am particularly interested in examining though, is the use of tobacco for spiritual reasons. Why do some tribes in the area view tobacco as nothing more then a social narcotic and others view it as connecting them with the spiritual world? To investigate this, I will look at two cultures in particular, the Tucano and the Yanomamo.
In the Tucano tradition, tobacco is used in a very spiritual sense, being considered food for the soul, also a method to directly contact the spirits.
However, in the tradition of the Yanomamo, tobacco is used almost exclusively as a recreational narcotic, also to feed their addictions. I will look at what niche tobacco fills for each culture and propose a few ideas as to why tobacco is used as a spiritual medium for the Tucano and not the Yanomamo.
The Tucano and Yanomamo tribes are relatively close in geographic location. The Yanomamo are on the border of Brazil, Columbia, and Venezuela. The Tucano live on the border of Brazil and Columbia to the west of the Yanomamo. Although they are in relatively close proximity to each other and do come in contact occasionally, their use of tobacco is very different.
The Yanomamo have a very different viewpoint than the Tucano, which is characterized by their addiction to it instead of for spiritual uses. It would be assumed that their uses of tobacco would overlap in many cultural areas, but in fact, there are few similarities.
In examining these two cultures, I would like to look at what aspects of their culture make them more inclined to use tobacco for either purely recreational or spiritual reasons. To do this I would like to investigate several factors. First, is the way both tribes view the spiritual and natural world around them, and then extrapolate these views to their different uses of tobacco.
One such example would be the way that they view spiritual entities, and how they contact them. Also I wold like to explore their use of hallucinogens.
In the Yanomamo culture their main hallucinogen is ebene, a snuff made from the seeds of the Anadenanthera sp.
While using the context of viewing tobacco as not only a narcotic, but also a plant with hallucinogenic potential, I will compare tobacco to these other hallucinogens.
How they view the use of these hallucinogens recreationally and spiritually, will correlate to many views of tobacco as well. Finally I would like to briefly look at what is called the Jaguar Complex. This is the way these tribes view the jaguar in their spiritual, cosmological, and various other beliefs.
By examining this, I believe I can show an additional aspect as to why these tribes view tobacco differently.Culture and Mythology term papers (paper ) on Yanomamo: There are many differences between the South American Yanomamo culture and the North American culture that we have adapted to, but just at .
|Cultural Differences/Similarities ?: Yanomamo||This means that loved ones of the person who has died consume his or her flesh as long as he or she was a member of the kin group. A kin group does not singularly mean families; tribes, societies and cultures are also included in the mix.|
|Blog Archive||Yanomami is the Indians' self-denomination By interlocution of an Uramanavi Indian, I asked Chief Yoni if he had navigated by the Orinoco to its headwaters; he replied yes, and that he had gone to make war against the Guaharibo [Yanomami] Indians, who were not very brave|
"Yanomamo Society" - Cultural Anthropology @ KSU The Yanomamo people are based upon a very violent lifestyle and are known as the "Fierce People." Because of their strong will and ferociousness, they have been able to remain unchanged by th ever advancing technological world most people live in today.
an important system the Yanomamo maintin is their kinship. Differences between Chinese and American food culture Essay. Differences between Chinese and American food culture The histories, boundaries, population, religions, politics, folks, economy of America and China are not the same, so the food culture of the two countries are not the same.
Chinese culture starts from 1,, years ago. American Culture in comparison to Australian Culture American society is incorporated of traditions and conventions including language, religion, food, expressions and patriotism.
It is accepted via scientists that almost every area of the world has impacted American culture, it is known as the nation of settlers.
The Yanomamo (Yah-no-mah-muh) also called Yanomami, and Yanomama, are deep jungle Indians living in the Amazon basin in both southern Venezuela and northern Brazil. The Yanomami are believed to be the most primitive, culturally intact people in existence in the world.
Yanomamo Culture Anthony Benson ANT Instructor June 4, The Yanomamo Culture has been around for many years and even though it is an extremely different culture there are some mild, yet interesting comparisons to the American Culture and the impact kinship has on the cultural behavior.